Avoiding Chronic Disease Through Better Nutrition

Chronic disease accounts for approximately 35 million deaths annually. Cardiovascular disease and cancer remain the top killers. Obesity-related diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, end-stage renal disease, and osteoarthritis are also significant health problems. Many chronic diseases share common risk factors and underlying pathologic mechanisms that can be modified through nutrition. Reduction of oxidative damage by antioxidants, DNA methylation regulated by folate and B vitamins, bone metabolism regulated by vitamin D and calcium, and cell differentiation, proliferation, and growth regulated by retinol, calcium, and vitamin D are just a few examples.

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